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Fallopian tube: One of the two Fallopian tubes that transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus (the womb). The Fallopian tubes are not labeled but are well shown running between the uterus and ovaries. It carries an egg from the ovary to the uterus.
Fallopian tubes are far from passive tubes in the female reproductive system; on the contrary, they play an extremely active role in the process of fertilization. Just prior to ovulation, smooth muscle tissue in the fimbriae responds to the changing levels of female sex hormones and begins producing slow, steady contractions. These contractions result in the sweeping of the surface of the ovary by the fimbriae in anticipation of the release of the ova. Once the ovum is released, the fimbriae pick it up and carry it into the infundibulum. Next, cilia in the mucosal lining and peristaltic waves of the muscularis carry the ovum through the infundibulum, ampulla, and isthmus toward the uterus. Sperm deposited into the vagina during sexual intercourse may enter the Fallopian tubes from the uterus and fertilize the ovum as it travels toward the womb.
Related Journals of Fallopian Tube
Gynecology & Obstetrics, Current Trends in Gynecologic Oncology, Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India, Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing.