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Flavonoids are a category of plant secondary metabolites. Chemically, they need the final structure of a 15-carbon skeleton that consists of 2 phenyl rings and heterocyclic ring. This carbon structure is abbreviated C6-C3-C6. As per the IUPAC terminology, Classification of flavonoids is three types, flavonoid and bioflavonoid, isoflavonoids, neoflavonoids. The 3 flavonoid categories higher than are all ketone-containing compounds, and such as they are anthoxanthins (flavones and flavonols). Flavonoids are generally in plants, fulfilling several functions. Flavonoids are the primary essential plant pigments for flower coloration, producing yellow or red/blue pigmentation in petals designed to fascinate in insect animals. In higher plants, flavonoids are concerned in ultraviolet filtration, dependent organic process and floral pigmentation. They can also act as chemical messengers, physiological regulators, and cell cycle inhibitors. Flavonoids secreted by the foundation of their host plant facilitate Rhizobia within the infection stage of their dependent relationship with legumes such as peas, beans and soy.
Flavonoids journal includes the subject areas of Nutritional Science, Biochemistry, Medicine and Biology. Rhizobia living in soil are able to sense the flavonoids and this triggers the secretion of Nod factors that successively are recognized by the host plant and might cause plant organ deformation and a number of other cellular responses resembling particle fluxes and therefore the formation of a root nodule. Additionally, some flavonoids have repressing activity against organisms that cause plant diseases, e.g. Fusarium oxysporum.
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Clinical Nutrition, Medicinal Plant Research, Complementary Medicine and Drug Discovery, Natural Products Chemistry & Research, Medicinal Chemistry, Biochemistry & Pharmacology.