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Intestine transplant is a treatment option for patients with intestinal failure who develop life-threatening complications from total parenteral nutrition.
In intestinal failure, the intestines can't digest food or absorb the fluids, electrolytes and nutrients essential for life. Patients must receive TPN, which provides liquid nutrition through a catheter or needle inserted into a vein in the arm, groin, neck or chest. Long-term TPN can result in complications including bone disorders, catheter-related infections and liver failure. Over time, TPN also can damage veins used to administer the nutrition via the catheter.