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Jaundice is a common presenting feature of neonatal hepato bilary and metabolic dysfunction. Any infant who remains jaundiced beyond age 2 to 3 weeks should have the serum bilirubin level fractionated into a conjugated (direct) and unconjugated (indirect) portion. Conjugated hyper bilirubin naemia is never physiologic or normal. Neonatal Conjunctivitis. Also known as neonatrum ophthalmia. Neonatal conjunctivitis is defined as conjunctival inflammation occurring within the first 30 days of life. Numerous etiologies have been implicated including chemical conjunctivitis as well as viral and bacterial infections. Complications range from mild hyperaemia and scant discharge to permanent scarring and blindness.
Neonatal conjunctivitis is characterized by the swelling (inflammation) or infection of the tissue lining the eyelids in a newborn. It is also known as ophthalmia neonatorum. This usually occurs by the contamination of babys eyes with Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis during passage through the birth canal.