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Ocean pollution occurs when harmful, or potentially harmful, effects result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms. Most sources of marine pollution are land based. The pollution often comes from nonpoint sources such as agricultural runoff, wind-blown debris and dust.
Pollution can enter the ocean directly. Sewage or polluting substances flow through sewage, rivers, or drainages directly into the ocean. This is often how minerals and substances from mining camps find their way into the ocean. The release of other chemical nutrients into the ocean’s ecosystem leads to reductions in oxygen levels, the decay of plant life, a severe decline in the quality of the sea water itself. As a result, all levels of oceanic life, plants and animals, are highly affected.
Related Journals of Ocean Pollution
Marine Biology & Oceanography, Oceanography: Open Access, Climatology & Weather Forecasting, Aquaculture Research & Development, Journal of Oceanography, Journal of Navigation, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology.