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Radiation Nephropathy is the injury to the kidney or renal failure by subjecting to ionizing radiation. It causes progressive lessening in renal hemodynamics with severe anemia. The diagnostic dose of radiation at each time is 5 ~ logY.
Radiation nephropathy is of : Acute radiation nephropathy: 6-12 months after radiation exposure, may occur quicker in children; gradual onset of edema, hypertension, dyspnea after exertion, pleural and peritoneal serous effusions, anemia, headaches, proteinuria and urinary casts; associated with reduction in glomerular filtration rate and renal failure in 50%; those who recover have persistent proteinuria and renal impairment; overall high mortality rate.
Chronic radiation nephropathy: either follows acute phase or develops insidiously; mild proteinuria and moderate hypertension years after radiation exposure. Severity is related to dose, method of irradiation, age, amount of perirenal fat, presence of renal disease and use of chemotherapy.
Related Journals of Radiation Nephropathy
Journal of Kidney, Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy, Iranian Journal of Radiation Research, International Journal of Radiation Biology, Radiography, Radiologia Medica.