Spina bifida is a type of birth defect called a neural tube defect. It occurs when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) don't form properly around part of the baby's spinal cord. Spina bifida can be mild or severe. There are four types of spina bifida: occulta, closed neural tube defects, meningocele, and myelomeningocele. The exact cause of spina bifida remains a mystery. No one knows what disrupts complete closure of the neural tube, causing this malformation to develop. Scientists suspect the factors that cause spina bifida are multiple: genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors all play a role. The symptoms of spina bifida vary from person to person, depending on the type and level of involvement. Closed neural tube defects are often recognized early in life due to an abnormal tuft or clump of hair or a small dimple or birthmark on the skin at the site of the spinal malformation.
Related Journals of Spina bifida
Journal of Spine & Neurosurgery, Spine Research, Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research, Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Spine Deformity, European Spine Journal, Journal of Spine Research, Korean Journal of Spine, Spine Research