AIDS is a syndrome caused by the HIV virus. It is when a person’s immune system is too weak to fight off many infections, and develops when the HIV infection is very advanced. This is the last stage of HIV infection where the body can no longer defend itself and may develop various diseases, infections and if left untreated, death. There is currently no cure for HIV or AIDS. However, with the right treatment and support, people can live long and healthy lives with HIV.
1. It may cause influenza-like illness, tuberculosis, opportunistic infections and tumors, pneumocystis pneumonia, severe weight loss, Kaposi's sarcoma. The time period usually ranges from 6 months (rarely) to 15+ years. HIV infection passes through a series of steps or stages before it turns into AIDS. These stages of infection as outlined in 1993 by the Centers for Disease Control. Seroconversion illness – this occurs in 1 to 6 weeks after acquiring the infection. The feeling is similar to a bout of flu.
2. Asymptomatic infection – After seroconversion, virus levels are low and replication continues slowly. CD4 and CD8 lymphocyte levels are normal. This stage has no symptoms and may persist for years together.
3. Persistent generalised lymphadenopathy (PGL) – The lymph nodes in these patients are swollen for three months or longer and not due to any other cause.
4. Symptomatic infection – This stage manifests with symptoms. In addition, there may be opportunistic infections. This collection of symptoms and signs is referred to as the AIDS-related complex (ARC) and is regarded as a prodrome or precursor to AIDS.
The first case of HIV infection in Singapore was reported in 1985. Between 1991 and 1998, the number of reported cases of HIV and AIDS increased rapidly before stabilizing from 1999. The epidemiology of the AIDS epidemic in Singapore is characterized by a predominance of male cases (seven to one) and heterosexual transmission. For decades, AIDS in Singapore has been regarded a disease of homosexuals and sex workers. But that perception began to change in 2012 when newly-diagnosed HIV cases were split nearly down the middle, with 47 percent of them caused by heterosexual transmission and 45 percent through homosexual contact. Almost half of the new cases reported in 2013 were between 30 and 49 years of age. About 46% of the new cases in 2013 had their HIV infection detected when testing was performed in the course of medical care provision.
In 2014, 456 new cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections were reported among Singapore residents1. This brings the total number of HIV infected Singapore residents to 6,685 as of end 2014, of whom 1,737 have died. Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) is any prophylactic (preventive) treatment started immediately after exposure to be pathogen (such as a virus) with the aim to prevent infection. HIV PEP treatment is provided at Shim Clinic in Singapore to stop HIV infection within 72 hours of exposure. clinic, Singapore. Private and confidential service. Shim Clinic provides HIV PEP treatment for those who have been potentially been exposed to the HIV virus. If you think have been potentially exposed, please visit us as soon as possible so we can help assess your situation and decide on the next course of action.