An actinic keratosis is a rough, scaly patch on your skin that develops from years of exposure to the sun. It's most commonly found on your face, lips, ears, back of your hands, forearms, scalp or neck. Also known as solar keratosis, an actinic keratosis enlarges slowly and usually causes no signs or symptoms other than a patch or small spot on your skin.
Over time, actinic keratoses may develop into invasive squamous cell carcinoma; according to one study of almost 7000 patients, among the small percentage of actinic keratoses that progress into squamous cell carcinoma, the length of time for this transformation to occur was approximately 2 years.Cells within actinic keratoses (AKs) show characteristic UV-induced gene mutations.Histologically AKs share features with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
Skin cancers are the most common cancers diagnosed and incidence is rising across the world despite knowledge and education about prevention. • SCC is the second most common skin cancer (behind basal cell carcinoma (BCC)). The incidence is rising worldwide. • The incidence of SCC is about 10,000 per year in England and Wales.
Cryotherapy Freezing with liquid nitrogen causes blistering and shedding of the sun damaged skin. Keratoses treated on the face peel off after about 10 days, those on the hands in about 3 weeks, but those on the legs can take as long as twelve weeks to heal. A light freeze usually leaves no scar, but longer freeze times (necessary for thicker lesions or early skin cancers) result in a pale mark or scar.