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Acute Coronary Syndrome

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  • Acute coronary syndrome

     Acute coronary syndrome is a term used for any condition brought on by sudden, reduced blood flow to the heart. Acute coronary syndrome symptoms may include the type of chest pressure that you feel during a heart attack, or pressure in your chest while you're at rest or doing light physical activity (unstable angina).

    Typical symptoms

    • Chest pain (angina) that feels like burning, pressure or tightness, Pain elsewhere in the body, such as the left upper arm or jaw (referred pain), Nausea, Vomiting, Shortness of breath (dyspnea),heavy sweating (diaphoresis).

  • Acute coronary syndrome

    Tests and diagnosis

    Electrocardiogram (ECG), Blood tests, Echocardiogram, Chest X-ray, Nuclear scan, Coronary angiogram (cardiac catheterization), Computerized tomography (CT) angiogram, Exercise stress test.

  • Acute coronary syndrome

     Statistics

    The mean age increased from 58.4 to 63.4 years, and the proportion of men remained stable at approximately 70%. The use of coronary angiograms increased from 49.8% to 81.1% in all patients, while fibrinolysis dropped to 0.4%. In-hospital mortality decreased from 9% to 1.5%. The percentage of overall instrumentation (arterial line, central venous catheter, temporary pacemaker, Swan-Ganz catheter and intra-aortic balloon pump) decreased from 38% to 8.1%. From 1995 to 2003, the proportion of stenting during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty increased dramatically from 0% to 86%. In the past five years, surgical revascularization has remained stable at approximately 20% of all admissions. The proportion of patients discharged with a noncoronary chest pain diagnosis has remained constant at approximately 4%.

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