Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity).In addition to genetics, researchers are looking at possible environmental factors, and are studying how brain injuries, nutrition, and the social environment might contribute to ADHD.
The worldwide pooled prevalence was about 5.29%.While there has been no epidemiological study on the prevalence of this condition among children in Singapore, a local study reported the prevalence of externalising problems to be 4.9% among Singaporean primary school children.While ADHD symptoms decline with age, a meta-analysis reported that a significant proportion might have residual symptoms in adulthood.ADHD has been reported to be associated with negative outcomes including poor academic achievement, reduced self-esteem and higher smoking rate.
When their child is diagnosed with ADHD, parents often have concerns about deciding the best way to help their child. It is important for parents to remember that ADHD can be successfully managed.so parents should work closely with everyone involved in the child's life—healthcare providers, therapists, teachers, coaches, and other family members. Taking advantage of all the resources available will help parents guide their child towards success.Behavior therapy, including parent training,Medications,School accommodations and interventions.