Blood disorders affect one or more parts of the blood and prevent your blood from doing its job. They can be acute or chronic. Many blood disorders are inherited. Other causes include other diseases, side effects of medicines, and a lack of certain nutrients in your diet.
Diabetes is the leading cause of death in Singapore accounting for 1.7 per cent of total deaths in 2011. • 400,000: Number of diabetics in Singapore in 2013. Most are aged above 40. • 600,000: Projected number of diabetics by 2030. • The World Health Organization estimates that more than 346,000,000 people worldwide have diabetes. • By 2030, the number of Singapore residents above 40 with diabetes is projected to increase by another 200,000 from about 400,000 today. As there is no cure for diabetes, keeping it under control is crucial. Cardiovascular disease which comprises coronary heart disease and stroke causes one third of all deaths worldwide. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among Singaporeans accounting for 32.8% of the total deaths in Singapore. It is also the number one killer disease for women. Leading causes of morbidity and mortality are major non-communicable diseases such as cancer, coronary heart diseases, strokes, pneumonia, diabetes, hypertension and injuries. In 2006, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and stroke together accounted for approximately 60% of the total causes of death.
Depending on the disorder, treatment options can include growth factors to stimulate blood cell production, steroids or other drugs to suppress the immune system, and chemotherapy to destroy abnormal cells. Bleeding disorders like hemophilia may call for blood-component therapies, such as platelet transfusions or clotting factors; diseases that involve clotting might be treated with drugs that inhibit clot formation.
The American Society of Hematology (ASH) leads the world in promoting and supporting clinical and scientific hematology research through its many innovative award programs, meetings, publications, and advocacy efforts.