Breast cysts are round or oval shaped, benign, firm or fluid filled sacs inside the breast. Commonly, seen in women, between the ages of 35 -50 years. They develop as a result of hormonal changes from monthly menstruation. Symptoms include smooth and easily movable lump, clear or coloured discharge from nipples, pain or tenderness in the lump area, change in size of the lump before and after period.
It is estimated that 7% of women in the western world develop breast cysts. Singapore has 622 death cases accounting for 2.90% of total deaths. Breast cysts can be diagnosed by Breast ultrasound or Fine-needle aspiration or mammogram tests.
Cysts that are fluid filled and do not show any symptoms need no treatment. However, depending upon the severity can be treated by discontinuing hormone therapy, needle aspiration biopsy or surgery.
Detection of a negative correlation between prescription of Chinese herbal products containing coumestrol, genistein or daidzein and risk of subsequent endometrial cancer among tamoxifentreated female breast cancer survivors in Taiwan between 1998 and 2008: A population-based study PPT Version |
PEGylated-thymoquinone-nanoparticle mediated retardation of breast cancer cell migration by deregulation of cytoskeletal actin polymerization through miR-34a PPT Version |
Prognostic value of ER, PR, and HER2 breast cancer biomarkers and AJCCâs TNM staging system on overall survival of Caucasian females with breast cancer: An institutionâs 10 year experience PPT Version |