Dysphagia is a condition in which disruption of the swallowing process interferes with a patient’s ability to eat. It can result in aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, weight loss, and airway obstruction.
• coughing or choking when eating or drinking
• bringing food back up, sometimes through the nose
• a sensation that food is stuck in your throat or chest
• persistent drooling of saliva
• specific swallowing treatment (e.g., exercises to improve muscle movement)
• positions or strategies to help the individual swallow more effectively
• specific food and liquid textures that are easier and safer to swallow.