Hand, foot, and mouth disease is caused by viruses that belong to the Enterovirus genus (group), including polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and enteroviruses. The illness spreads by person-to-person contact with an infected person's through Nasal secretions or throat discharge, Saliva, Fluid from blisters, Stool, Respiratory droplets sprayed into the air after a cough or sneeze. There's no specific treatment for hand-foot-and-mouth disease.
Signs and symptoms of hand-foot-and-mouth disease usually clear up in seven to 10 days. A topical oral anesthetic may help relieve the pain of mouth sores. Over-the-counter pain medications other than aspirin, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) may help relieve general discomfort. HFMD remains an important public health problem in Singapore with the annual incidence rate per 100,000 populations increasing from 128.7 in 2004 to 345.8 in 2014.