Multiple myeloma also known as plasma cell myeloma or Kahler's disease .It is a cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell normally responsible for producing antibodies. In multiple myeloma, collections of abnormal plasma cells accumulate in the bone marrow, where they interfere with the production of normal blood cells. Bisphosphonate treatment is often started along with chemo. If the areas of damaged bone continue to cause symptoms, radiation therapy may be used.
Twenty-nine de novo cases were accrued from October 1986 to January 1992 at the National University Hospital of Singapore. Features like median age of presentation, sex distribution, the incidence of IgG, IgA and light chain subtypes were similar to published data. However IgD myeloma appeared to be more common here and it tended to be more advanced at presentation. Objective response rate to treatment with the melphalan-prednisolone combination was about 40% with a median survival of 18 months.