Myelofibrosis is a serious bone marrow disorder that disrupts your body's normal production of blood cells. The result is extensive scarring in your bone marrow, leading to severe anemia, weakness, fatigue, and often, an enlarged spleen and liver. Myelofibrosis is an uncommon type of chronic leukemia — a cancer that affects the blood-forming tissues in the body. Myelofibrosis belongs to a group of diseases called myeloproliferative disorders.
The aim of this study is to report a single institution experience of Asian patients who developed acute leukaemia after being diagnosed and treated for Ph chromosome-negative MPDs, and to compare the findings of this series with similar studies from the literature.Patients were recruited from the MPD registry of Singapore General Hospital, Department of Hematology. Clinical data including treatment modalities and duration of use in myeloproliferative phase, latency to LT, characteristics of leukaemia, chemotherapy administered and survival after LT were examined.
In the past, the treatment of myelofibrosis has depended on the symptoms and degree of the low blood counts. A long-term remission is possible for some patients with bone marrow transplantation. Such treatment should be considered for younger patients and some others. Other treatment may involve:Blood transfusions and medicines to correct anemia, Radiation and chemotherapy, Medicines to target a genetic mutation, Splenectomy if swelling causes symptoms, or to help with anemia.