The skin is the body’s largest organ. It covers your whole body and protects it from injury, infection and ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. Cells in the skin sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally. These changes may lead to non-cancerous, or benign, tumours such as dermatofibromas, epidermal cysts or moles (also called nevi).Changes to cells in the skin can also cause cancer. NMSC are much more common than melanoma in Singapore. According to the Trends in Cancer Incidence in Singapore 2010-2014 (Singapore Cancer Registry), there are 1,719 cases of skin cancer and 1,381 in Singapore men and women yearly respectively. Skin cancer ranks 6th in males cancers and 7th in females cancers in Singapore.
Doctors and scientists are always looking for better ways to care for people with skin cancer. To make scientific advances, doctors create research studies involving volunteers, called clinical trials. In fact, every drug that is now approved by the FDA was previously tested in clinical trials. While basal cell carcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas are almost always curable when detected and treated early, it is best to prevent them in the first place. Make these sun safety habits part of your daily health care routine: Seek the shade, especially between 10 AM and 4 PM, Do not burn, Avoid tanning and UV tanning booths. Cover up with clothing, including a broad-brimmed hat and UV-blocking sunglasses, Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher every day.