A panic attack is a sudden episode of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no real danger or apparent cause. Panic attacks can be very frightening. It's not known what causes panic attacks or panic disorder, but these factors may play a role: Genetics; Major stress; Temperament that is more sensitive to stress or prone to negative emotions; Certain changes in the way parts of your brain function.
Panic attacks often strike when you’re away from home, but they can happen anywhere and at any time. You may have one while you’re in a store shopping, walking down the street, driving in your car, or sitting on the couch at home. Total prevalence rate for both sexes in Singapore is 8.5 per 100,000. Prevalence rate for men and women 10.6 and 6.7 per 100,000 respectively in Singapore. The main treatment options are psychotherapy and medications. One or both types of treatment may be recommended.