Sciatica is when pain is felt going down the leg from the back. This pain may go down the back, outside, or front of the leg. Causes are Lumbar spinal stenosis, Degenerative disc disease, Spinal disc herniation, Piriformis syndrome,Spondylolisthesis and Pregnancy.
Lower Back Pain Home Care and Physical Therapy treatment includes posture correction, back support and good body mechanisms focuses on prevention of injuries or disabilities and relieve pain, promote healing, and restore function and movement.Medications like Anti-inflammatory, Muscle relaxants and Corticosteroids reduce pain by suppressing inflammation around the irritated nerve. Botulinum toxin injections may improve pain and or function. Surgery for unilateral sciatica involves the removal of part of the disc, known as a discectomy,back surger Laminectomy.
The highest incidence is found in the fifth decade and then decreases with increasing age. Regular walking also was found to increase the incidence of sciatica.2% to 40% of people have sciatica. This incidence is related to age, rare before 20 years. Sciatica has been reported to occur in 1 to 10% of the population, most commonly in people age 25 to 45 years. Men are more frequently affected than women.