The pathophysiology of this process occurs because the veins above the heart have no valves. A rapid rise in the abdominal pressure induces a rapid rise in the intravenous pressure, and various vessels inside or around the eye may rupture7 . Various straining activities such as heavy lifting, coughing, vomiting, blowing balloons and straining on a stool if constipated frequently lead to subconjunctival haemorrhages.
The majority were female (56.9%) and in Singapore (90.9%) with mean age 66.1 ± 11.0 years. Intraoperative complications were subconjunctival hemorrhage (290, 26.2%), anterior capsule tear (9 eyes, 0.81%), posterior capsule rupture (3 eyes, 0.27%), suction loss (5 eyes, 0.45%), iris hemorrhage (1 eye, 0.09%), and endothelial incision (1 eye, 0.09%). There was no dropped nucleus. Visual outcomes of 794 laser surgeries were compared to 420 controls.
The %UAVA 20/25 or better was higher in laser cases (68.6% vs 56.3%; P < .0001) but MAE (0.30 ± 0.25 diopter [D] vs 0.33 ± 0.25; P = .062) and MSE (0.16 ± 0.27 D vs 0.17 ± 0.28 D; P = .065) were not significant.The treatment required to use eyedrops, such as artificial tears, to soothe any scratchy feeling you have in your eye. Beyond that, the blood in your eye will absorb within about one to two weeks, and you'll need no treatment. Ongoing Research is being done at Subconjunctival hemorrhage centres.