Tourette syndrome is a neurobehavioral disorder characterized by fluctuating motor and/or vocal tics. Symptoms usually occur before 21 years old and they wax and wane spontaneously. Tourette syndrome is hereditary and has no known cause. The early symptoms of Tourette syndrome are almost always noticed first in childhood, with the average between the ages of 7 and 10 years. Tourette syndrome occurs in people from all ethnic groups. 1 to 10 every 1,000 children may suffer from the disorder. Males are affected about three to four times more often than females. There is no cure for Tourette syndrome, it is a lifelong condition.
The current medical technologies only allow individuals to manage their symptoms. Most cases of TS are mild, and do not requirepharmacological treatment. Psychobehavioral therapy, patient education may be sufficient. The alpha2-adrenergic agonists (clonidine) may be effective at treating underlying ADHD symptoms, although CNS stimulants and neuroleptics (haloperidol, risperidone) can be used concurrently. Tourette Syndrome Care Group Singapore (TSCGS) was formed with 3 key missions namely raise public awareness and educate the public, disseminate educational materials in the fields of health care and education, provide moral support to victims and their families.