Undescended testicle (or Cryptorchidism) is a condition seen in newborns when one or both of the male testes have not passed down into the scrotal sac. Cryptorchidism is more commonly seen in premature males because the testes do not descend from the abdomento the scrotal sac until the seventh month of fetal development.
At birth, 5.9 % (210/3,534) had one or both testes undescended and at 3 months of age 1.61 % (57/3,534) still had an undescended testis. Low birthweight was also found to be a risk factor for the presence of an undescended testis.
It may include: Hormonal therapy- Hormone injections like (B-HCG or testosterone) to try to bring the testicle into the scrotum and is not usually recommended because it is much less effective than surgery, and Surgical repair- To bring the testicle into the scrotum and can be done either with a laparoscope or with open surgery.
Ultrasound has limited value for the management of an undescended testicle (UDT), but remains widely overused, according to a study published online in Pediatrics.