Pathophysiology: Little is known about the route and the source of transmission of the virus. VZV is certainly transmissible through the airborne route and does not require close personal contact. The skin lesions are certainly full of infectious virus particles whilst in contrast, it is almost impossible to isolate virus from the upper respiratory tract. It is possible that aerial transmission originates from symptomless oral lesions.
Disease statistics: The incidence of chickenpox in Singapore has been increasing since 1984. A seroepidemiological survey was conducted in 1989-90 to determine the prevalence of varicella-zoster virus-specific IgG antibody in the healthy population in Singapore aged from 6 months to over 45 years.
Treatment: Several studies indicate that antiviral medications decrease the duration of symptoms and the likelihood of postherpetic neuralgia, especially when initiated within 2 days of the onset of rash. In typical cases that involve individuals who are otherwise healthy, oral acyclovir may be prescribed. An important study by Kubeyinje (1997) suggested that the use of acyclovir in healthy young adults with zoster is not clearly justified,
Research: To understand the seroepidemiology of varicella zoster virus (VZV) in the Singaporean population, based on a paediatric survey conducted in 2008–2010 and the 2010 National Health Survey. The findings were compared with previous studies carried out in 1989–1990, 1993, 1998, and 2004.