Israel Society Of Hematology And Blood Transfusion, t was founded by Dr. William Dameshek, the researcher credited with describing the concept of myeloproliferative diseases and participating in the first studies of nitrogen mustard in various blood malignancies, in 1946, and has since been in continuous publication, It provides an international forum for the publication of original articles describing basic laboratory, translational, and clinical investigations in hematology. The journal covers all aspects of haematology, including disorders of leukocytes, both benign and malignant, erythrocytes, platelets, haemostatic mechanisms, vascular biology, immunology, and hematologic oncology. All articles undergo a rigorous peer review and are selected on the basis of the originality of the findings, the superior quality of the work described, and the clarity of presentation, The first physicians specializing in Hematology in our country initially worked in pathological or clinical laboratories and Blood and Blood Donations without a post to, and some of them were exercising their profession in the private sector. The first Clinical Hematology organized in 1995 at Makarios Hospital in Nicosia and Limassol General Hospital. Clinical Makarios Hospitals since 2008 works in New Nicosia General Hospital. Today dispensaries operating in the private sector and the Oncology Centre of Cyprus bank. The definition of rare diseases states such as diseases that occur in the general population at a frequency of less than 1: 2000.Synepos almost all haematological diseases fall into the category of rare. The same is rare and doctors to the specialty of Hematology. In Cyprus work 15 Hematologists of total 2500 registered doctors to REAR, which corresponds to 0.6%.