alexa Oral Care to Prevent VAP - Society of Critical Care Medicine

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Oral Care to Prevent VAP - Society of Critical Care Medicine

It was Established in 1970 by intensivist from anesthesiology, internal medicine, pediatrics, and surgery, the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) is the single professional organization dedicated exclusively to the advancement of multidisciplinary, multiprofessional precarious care through excellence in patient care, education, research, and critical care evolved from an antique recognition that the needs of patients with acute, life-threatening illness or injury could be better treated if they were grouped into specific regions of the hospital. Nurses have long acknowledged that very sick patients receive more thoughtfulness if they are located near the nursing The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) is the largest non-profit medical organization dedicated to promoting distinction and consistency in the practice of critical care. With members in more than 100 countries, SCCM is the only organization that denotes all professional components of the critical care team. The Society offers a variety of activities that ensures excellence in patient care, education, research and advocacy.  The study has aimed to evaluate nurse’s opinions on oral hygiene in mechanically ventilated ICU patients. The role of oral hygiene in maintaining the health and wellbeing of mechanically examined patients in intensive care is evident. Patients in intensive care have convoluted needs and poor oral hygiene may result in nosocomial- acquired infections such as pneumonia. Nevertheless, the importance of mouth care is not often replicated in ICU literature and practice (Prendergast et al. 2009). Evidence shows that patients can converted colonised with pathogenic bacteria within forty-eighty hours of admission to intensive care unit. The oral cavity and its components specifically dental plaque are perfect media in which bacteria can colonise (Prendergast et al. 2009). In addition, aspiration of orapharyngeal exudations is an independent risk factor for ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) and is recognised as being a major cause of the achievement of nosocomial infection in the ICU (Berry et al. 2007). However, some patients have oral health problems before admission to intensive care unit. VAP is defined as pneumonia that develops in an intubated patient after forty-eight hours or more of mechanical ventilation (Kishmoto and Urade 2010). VAP is the second most common nosocomial infection, but it is the leading cause of death in ventilated ICU patients.

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