The Polish Mathematical Society started in Krakow, Poland in 1917. It was initially just called the Mathematical Society. It was formally constituted on April 2, 1919. As far back as its establishment, the Society's fundamental movement was to unite mathematicians by method for arranging meetings and addresses. The second principle movement is the production of its records "Annales Societatis Mathematicae Polonae", comprising of:
• Series 1: Commentationes Mathematicae
• Series 2: Matematyka Stosowana ("Applied Mathematics"), in Polish
• Series 3: Didactica Mathematicae, in Polish
• Series 4: Antiquitates Mathematicae, in Polish
The production of periodicals has been the second fundamental type of movement of the Polish Mathematical Society.