alexa Society of Polymer Science

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Society of Polymer Science

The Society of Polymer Science is a Japanese not-profit organization that studies polymer science with a focus on Japan but also intercontinentally. The Society of Polymer Science was established in 1951 and currently has about 12,000 members. The society topics a monthly academic journal, the Polymer Journal.

The earliest known work with polymers stood the rubber industry in pre-Columbian Mexico. The mesoamericans recognized how to combine latex of the rubber tree with the juice of the morning magnificence plant in different proportions to get rubber with different properties for different products, such as bouncing balls, flip-flops, and rubber bands.

The first modern example of polymer science is Henri Braconnot's work in the 1830s. Braconnot, beside with Christian Schönbein and others, developed derivatives of the natural polymer cellulose, generating new, semi-synthetic materials, such as celluloid and cellulose acetate. The term "polymer" was devised in 1833 by Jöns Jakob Berzelius, although Berzelius did little that would be considered polymer science in the contemporary sense. In the 1840s, Friedrich Ludersdorf and Nathaniel Hayward independently discovered that addition sulfur to raw natural rubber (vulcanizing natural rubber with sulfur and heat. Thomas Hancock had received a patent for the equivalent process in the UK the year before. This process reinforced natural rubber and prevented it from melting with heat without losing plasticity. This made practical products such as waterproofed articles possible. It also facilitated practical fabrication of such rubberized materials. Vulcanized rubber represents the first commercially successful creation of polymer research. In 1884 Hilaire de Chardonnet in progress the first artificial fiber plant based on restored cellulose, or viscose rayon, as a auxiliary for silk, but it was very flammable. In 1907 Leo Baekeland conceived the first synthetic polymer, a thermosetting phenol–formaldehyde pitch called Bakelite.

Despite significant advances in polymer synthesis, the molecular environment of polymers was not implicit until the work of Hermann Staudinger in 1922. Prior to Staudinger's work, polymers were implicit in positions of the association theory or aggregate theory, which originated with Thomas Graham in 1861. Graham suggested that cellulose and other polymers were colloids, aggregates of molecules having small molecular mass allied by an unknown intermolecular force. Hermann Staudinger was the first to propose that polymers resided of long chains of atoms held together by covalent bonds. 

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The following is the list of scholars from Society of Polymer Science who contributed and/or serves as editors for one or more OMICS International journals and conferences

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