Albinism includes Absence of colour in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye, Lighter than normal skin and hair, Patchy, missing skin colour. Many forms of albinism are associated with the following symptoms: Crossed eyes (strabismus), Light sensitivity (photophobia), Rapid eye movements (nystagmus), Vision problems, or functional blindness.Pathophysiology It is also called as achromia, achromasia, or achromatosis. Albinism is a rare group of genetic disorders that cause the skin, hair, or eyes to have little or no colour. Albinism is also associated with vision problems. Albinism is caused by a defect in one of several genes that produce or distribute melanin (natural pigment).
Genetic testing can give most accurate way to diagnose albinism. Such testing is useful if you have got a case history of congenital anomaly. It is also useful for certain groups of people who are known to get the disease. Doctor might additionally diagnose the condition based mostly on the look of yourskin, hair, and eyes
The defect may result in the absence of melanin production, or a reduced amount of melanin production. Albinism is inherited and requires the defective gene to be passed down by both parents Symptoms include apparent in a person's skin, hair and eye colour.Statistics are According to the National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH), approximately one in 6,000 people have a form of albinism.