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Aldosteronoma

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  • Aldosteronoma

    Aldosteronoma are tumours that arise from a specific area in the adrenal cortex. These tumours tend to be benign with only about 5 percent being malignant. Adrenal glands are located just above each kidney and are part of the endocrine system. One function of the adrenal glands is to produce the hormone aldosterone, which regulates blood pressure and potassium levels in the blood. Aldosteronoma tend to produce excess aldosterone, which causes high blood pressure and low potassium blood levels. This tumour can often go undiagnosed for long periods.

  • Aldosteronoma

    Patient usually has uncontrollable hypertension and low potassium level in the blood. Blood and urine tests for aldosterone and renin is confirm the chemical diagnosis. These tumors are usually small. Aldosteronoma is localized with a CT scan or MRI of the abdomen prior to planning surgery. Also selective sampling of the adrenal veins for aldosterone level helps with localization, since this tumor sometimes is very small (selective venous sampling). Selective venous sampling is invasive procedure that is performed by interventional radiologist. It requires very skilled radiologist who is very experienced with this technique to perform this procedure right, with good result and without complications.

  • Aldosteronoma

    Most aldosteronomas are benign and can be removed with minimally invasive surgical techniques. Cure rates are excellent after surgical removal, and although patients can expect to have a decrease in blood pressure, they may still not be able to discontinue medications completely. Our multidisciplinary tumor program team provides a seamless approach to the treatment of aldosteronoma.

 

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