Alveolar Osteitis (AO) is a well-known complication after extraction or surgical removal of tooth. Commonly known as “dry socket” this condition remains a common postoperative problem that results in severe pain and repeated practice. It is an inflammation of the alveolar bone. Alveolar osteitis usually occurs where the blood clot fails to form or is lost from the socket.
The predominate signs of a dry socket include throbbing pain and a foul odor and taste coming from the extraction site. Characteristically, these symptoms do not appear until a few days after the tooth was removed. The patient will find that the discomfort they've initially experienced gradually fades for the first few days but then, usually between days 2 and 4 after their extraction, they notice that their level of pain actually starts to intensify.
Dry socket is easy to treat; patients are generally prescribed an anti-inflammatory drug such as Ibuprofen to ease the pain. In more severe cases a stronger drug or a nerve block may also be prescribed. This dulls the sensation that the nerve is subjected to and reduces the pain. A dentist can clean the socket, and can also apply a dressing to the area. This may have to be changed each day until the infection subsides. You may also be prescribed antibiotics to prevent further infection. At home, you can help by rinsing with a mouthwash on a regular basis. Once the pain has gone, the dentist may recommend you are fitted with dental implants to help the situation.