Definition: Benign adrenal tumors are the noncancerous masses which are observed in the adrenal glands. There are two adrenal glands, each one located on top of each kidney.
Symptoms: Fat deposits behind the neck and shoulders, Weight gain, often around the chest and stomach, Purple stretch marks on the stomach, High blood pressure, Weakness.
Disease Status: Adrenocortical carcinomas are rare; the incidence is 1 in 1.7 million. When an incidental adrenal mass is found, however, the incidence of carcinoma is between 0% and 25%. A recent meta analysis of 6 published series reported an incidence of 4%, and a Mayo Clinic series of 342 adrenal masses had an incidence of 1.2% for adrenocortical carcinoma.
Surgical removal of an adrenal gland, or adrenalectomy, is most commonly performed for a tumor located within the adrenal gland that is overproducing hormones.
Some patients may not be able to have their tumors treated surgically because of the way it is growing or if it is cancerous and has spread to other parts of the body. In these cases, the patient should work with their endocrinologist to determine the best course of treatment.