Dizziness | Spain| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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  • Dizziness

    The term "dizziness" means different things to different people. Different people describe it in different ways like feeling lightheaded or off balance, while others use it to describe a feeling that their surroundings are spinning. Because the symptom is quite not clear and can be caused by a wide range of things. Common causes of dizziness: Labyrinthitis (an inner ear infection that affects your hearing and balance, it can lead to a severe form of dizziness called “vertigo”), Migraine, Stress or anxiety, Low blood sugar level (hypoglycaemia), Postural hypotension (sudden fall in blood pressure when you suddenly sit or stand up), Dehydration or heat exhaustion, Vertebrobasilar insufficiency (decreased blood flow in the back of the brain).

    Treatment: Get plenty to drink, have regular meals, and get plenty of rest. Stand up slowly, as this may help dizziness associated with position changes. Treatment of dizziness vary depend upon the cause of the patient dizziness. Some common treatments for conditions that cause dizziness include: Medications such as meclizine (Antivert) or benzodiazepines (such as diazepam [Valium], lorazepam [Ativan]) are used to control the spinning feeling associated with dizziness, when vertigo is a possible cause.

    Statistics: The prevalence of dizziness in the city of São Paulo was established at 42%. We found two peak of complaints, 49% in the range of 46-55 years and 44% in the elderly. Vestibular-related dizziness was estimated to affect 8.3% of the population, mainly women (p < 0.001). The symptoms caused disability in 27% of symptomatic interviewees and it is more bothersome to females (p < 0.001), who more frequently seek medical care (p < 0.001).

    Reaserches on dizziness: Newport-mesa audiology balance and ear institute doing research on dizziness the main aim of the research is to providing this resource is to keep you up to date with developments in the diagnosis and treatment of balance and dizziness disorders, and hearing loss.

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