Eye melanoma Melanoma is a type of cancer that develops in the cells called melanocytes that produce melanin the pigment that gives your skin its color. Your eyes also have melanin-producing cells and can develop melanoma. Eye melanoma is also called ocular melanoma.
Statistics: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma in most populations of European origin has increased for several decades. The average annual increase during 1960 through 1982 was 5.4 % for women and 5.8 % for men. During 1973 to 1992, an increase was also observed in children and adolescents. The last 20 years, an average annual increase of 2.1 per cent was observed in men, and 1.7 per cent in women. In 2003, 1,889 new cases of cutaneous malignant melanoma were reported in Sweden and the age-standardized incidence was 22.9 among males and 19.5 per 100.000 among females (Swedish standard population 2000). Cutaneous melanoma constituted 3.9 % to 4.5% of all cancers in Sweden, which made it the seventh most common malignant tumor among males and the sixth among females. The cumulative lifetime probability to develop the disease was 2.2 males and 1.8 females out of one hundred individuals respectively. Treatment Treatment for eye melanoma may include radiotherapy, surgery, transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT), cryotherapy, chemotherapy eye drops, photodynamic therapy (PDT). You may have one or a combination of these treatments. Your treatment plan will depend on factors such as the size and position of the tumour, your general health and your eyesight. Uveal and conjunctival melanomas are treated in slightly different ways. But the aim is to destroy the cancer cells, while doing as little damage to your eyesight as possible.