Haemophilus influenzae is a species of bacteria that can cause many kinds of infections. These can range from mild ear infections to severe diseases, like bloodstream infections. Haemophilus influenzae bacteria most often cause pneumonia, a lung infection.
Symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, Chills, Sweating, Chest pain that comes and goes with breathing, Headache, Muscle pain, Excessive tiredness, vomiting, pain in the belly. Antibiotics are used to treat Haemophilus influenzae infections. Most of the cases need to be hospitalized and monitored closely for treatment and management of complications such as meningitis and pneumonia.
Surveillance after introduction of Haemophilus influenzae serotype b vaccination in Spain identified 26 H. influenzae serotype e (HiE) isolates. Of these, 16 (61.5%) were recovered from patients aged >16 years and 10 (38.5%) from children <16 years of age. HiE caused respiratory infections in 14 patients (9 with pneumonia), conjunctivitis in 4, vaginitis in 2, abscess in 2, and cellulitis, peritoneal infection, sepsis and meningitis in 1 patient each.