The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Data from 982 individuals were analysed (420 French and 562 Spanish men). Current smoking was more frequent in Spain (p < 0.001), whereas hypertension and uncontrolled blood pressure were more frequent in France (p < 0.001). Mean concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides were significantly higher in France (p < 0.001).