Ocular rosacea is a manifestation of rosacea that affects the eyes and eyelids. Signs and symptoms generally consist of redness, irritation or burning of the eyes. Affected individuals may also feel that there is something, such as an eyelash, in the eye and frequently have redness of the nose and cheeks as well. The prevalence of Ocular Rosacea in Spain was 47.9% (95% confidence interval (CI): 43.9–51.9). This prevalence increased significantly with aging (P=0.002) and was higher in men (56.4%; 95% CI: 50.0–62.7) than in women (42.7%; 95% CI: 37.8–47.8).
A variety of rosacea triggers have been described including skin colonization with Demodex mites (along with bacteria in their gut) and Staphyloccocus epidermidis. Eradication of Helicobacter pylori has been shown to improve rosacea in some patients, and the organism may play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammation of inflammation in rosacea. Effective treatment of rosacea requires a highly motivated patient willing to devote the time it takes to control the condition.When ocular rosacea is present, treatment usually consists of lid hygiene measures that include daily cleansing: Moistened Q-tips can remove debris and oily secretions.