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Rectovaginal Fistula

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  • Rectovaginal fistula

    A rectovaginal fistula is a medical condition where there is a fistula or abnormal connection between the rectum and the vagina. Passage of gas, stool or pus from the vagina. Foul-smelling vaginal discharge. Recurrent vaginal or urinary tract infections. Irritation or pain in the vulva, vagina and the area between the vagina and anus (perineum) Pain during sexual intercourse.

  • Rectovaginal fistula

    After diagnosing rectovaginal fistula, it is best to wait for around 3 months to allow the inflammation to subside. For low fistulae, a vaginal approach is best, while an abdominal repair would be necessary for a high fistula at the posterior fornix. A circular incision is made around the fistula and vagina is separated from the underlying rectum with a sharp circumferential dissection. The entire fistulous tract, along with a small rim of rectal mucosa is incised. The rectal wall is then closed extramucosally.

  • Rectovaginal fistula

    Overall, 33 of the 39 fistulas (85%) treated for cure healed, including all simple fistulas and 20 complex fistulas (8 iatrogenic, 3 actinic, 2 ulcerative colitis without restorative proctocolectomy; 5 pouch vaginal; 1 septic; 1 Crohn's disease) (p=0.009). The first operation for the fistula was curative in 20 of 39 fistulas, including 10 of 13 simple and 10 of 26 complex fistulas (p=0.023). There was no significant age difference between cured and not-cured patients.

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