Schizoaffective disorder is a chronic mental health condition characterized primarily by symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations or delusions, and symptoms of a mood disorder, such as mania and depression. Schizoaffective disorder can be managed effectively with medication and therapy. Co-occurring substance use disorders are a serious risk and require integrated treatment.
The mood disorder is either bipolar disorder (bipolar-type schizoaffective disorder) or depression (depressive-type schizoaffective disorder). Psychotic features and mood disturbances may occur at the same time or may appear on and off interchangeably. People who have the condition experience psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions as well as a mood disorder. Signs and symptoms of schizoaffective disorder may include, among others: Delusions having false, fixed beliefs Hallucinations, such as hearing voices, Major depressed mood episodes, Possible periods of manic mood or a sudden increase in energy and behavioral displays that are out of character, Impaired occupational and social functioning.
Schizoaffective disorder can be difficult to diagnose because it has symptoms of both schizophrenia and either depression or bipolar disorder. There are two major types of schizoaffective disorder: bipolar type and depressive type. Delusions or hallucinations for two or more weeks in the absence of a major mood episode. Symptoms that meet criteria for a major mood episode are present for the majority of the total duration of the illness. The abuse of drugs or a medication are not responsible for the symptoms.