Scoliosis is an abnormal curve in the spine. There are several types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops; the majority of patients have no known cause.The most common symptom of scoliosis is curvature of the spine. Scoliosis most typically occurs in individuals 10 to 18 years, old detected by Curvature of the spine, uneven shoulders, or protrusion of one shoulder blade, Asymmetry of the waistline and one hip higher than the other. The diagnosis of scoliosis and the determination of the type of scoliosis made by a careful bone exam and an X-ray to evaluate the magnitude of the curve.
Structural scoliosis: is a fixed curve treated individually according to its cause. In some cases Structural scoliosis causes disease such as the inherited connective tissue disorder known as Marfan’s syndrome. In neuromuscular diseases, injury, infection, tumors, metabolic diseases, rheumatic diseases curve occurs on its own. Nonstructural scoliosis: Also known as functional scoliosis, this involves a spine that is structurally normal yet appears curved. This is a Temporary bend that changes, and is brought about by a hidden condition, for example, distinction in leg length, muscle fits or provocative and inflammatory conditions such as appendicitis.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 40,280,780 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 120,842.