A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental, social and emotional functioning. Polysomnography and actigraphy are tests commonly ordered for some sleep disorders.
Snoring/breathing difficulties while sleeping.Bedtimerefusal.Insomnia.Sleepwalking.Sleep terrors, nightmares or nighttime fears.Unusual sleep behaviors. Excessive daytime sleepiness.Bedwetting.
Treatments for sleep disorders generally can be grouped into four categories: Behavioral and psychotherapeutic treatment, Rehabilitation and management, Medication Other somatic treatment.
In Spain, sleep disorder prevalence studies in the general population are very limited and show that approximately 23% have some trouble sleeping with 11% reporting having insomnia. These fi gures are seen in young adults8 and appear to increase with age7,9. Insomnia is the sleep disorder that PC practitioners fi nd more frequently in daily clinical practice. A PC prevalence study showed 17.4% insomnia according to DSM-III-R, about 27% for complaints of poor sleep and 55.5% had no sleep problems