Definition: Small vessel disease is a condition in which the small arteries in the heart become narrowed. Small vessel disease causes signs and symptoms of heart disease, such as chest pain (angina). Small vessel disease is sometimes called coronary microvascular disease or small vessel heart disease. It's usually diagnosed after a doctor checks for blockages in the main arteries of the heart but finds little or no narrowing in the large vessels, even though your symptoms persist.
Symptoms: Chest pain, squeezing or discomfort, Chest pain associated with discomfort in your left arm or jaw, Chest pain that worsens with daily activities and at times of emotional stress, Neck, shoulder, upper back or abdominal discomfort, Shortness of breath, Unusual fatigue, A loss of energy, Trouble sleeping.
Statistics: Out of 311 people aged ≥60 years, 237 (76%) were enrolled into the study. Mean age was 70 ± 8 years, 59% were women, 83% had primary school education only, and 73% had a poor cardiovascular health status. Seventy-eight (33%) had poor sleep quality. The MRI showed: WMH in 154 (65%) participants (moderate-to-severe in 52); silent lacunar infarcts in 28 (12%); and deep microbleeds in 17 (7%). Poor sleep quality was associated with WMH presence (OR 2.44, 95% CI 1.26 to 4.71, p = 0.008) and severity (β coefficient 0.77, SE 0.37, p = 0.037), but not with silent lacunar infarcts or deep microbleeds.