Typhoid fever is an infection that causes diarrhea and a rash. It is most commonly due to a type of bacterium called Salmonella typhi (S. typhi). S. typhi is spread through contaminated food, drink, or water. In the year 2006, 82 cases of Typhoid fever were reported in Spain. The prevalence rate was 0.2%. Highest prevalence rate was reported in the years 1997 and 1998 that is 0.8%.
Some persons become carriers of S. typhi and continue to release the bacteria in their stools for years, spreading the disease. Early symptoms include fever, general ill-feeling, and abdominal pain. High fever (103°F, or 39.5°C) or higher and severe diarrhea occur as the disease gets worse. Other symptoms that occur include Abdominal tenderness, Agitation, Bloody stools, Chills, Confusion, Difficulty paying attention (attention deficit), Delirium, Fluctuating mood, Hallucinations, Nosebleeds, Severe fatigue, lethargic feeling Weakness. Researches focusing on Antimicrobial resistance and management of invasive Salmonella disease.