Vulvar cancer is a sporadic type of cancer which forms in a woman's external genitals, called the vulva. The cancer habitually grows slowly over several years. Firstly, precancerous cells grow on vulvar skin. This is called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), or dysplasia. Not all VIN cases turn into cancer, but it is best to treat it early. There are different types of vulvar cancer i.e Squamous cell carcinomas, Adenocarcinoma, Melanoma, Sarcoma, Basal cell carcinoma
Disease Statistics: Spain has a population of 20.24 million women aged 15 years and older who are at risk of developing cervical cancer. Cervical cancer in Spain ranks as the 10th most frequent cancer among women and the 2nd most frequent cancer among women between 15 and 44 years of age. Based on Spain studies performing HPV detection tests in cervical samples, about 2.7% of women in the general population are estimated to harbour cervical HPV-16/18 infection at a given time, and 62.8% of invasive cervical cancers are attributed to HPVs 16 or 18.
Treatment: Depending on the nature and stage of the vulvar cancer, a person may need one type of treatment. The 3 main types of treatment used for patients with vulvar cancer are
• Surgery can be Laser surgery, Excision, Vulvectomy
• Radiation therapy
Research: Researcher at Complutense University in Spain study for the ethical and safety reasons, experimental treatments must be tested in the laboratory before they can be tried in patients. Sentinel lymph node mapping, Ultrasound scan of the groin, HPV tests, HPV vaccines, Anti viral creams and gels for VIN, Photodynamic therapy.