Ashraf Talaat Youssef Lecturer and consultant of radiodiagnosis,Faculty of medicine, Fayoum university, Egypt. Specialist of radiodiagnosis,national institute of urology and nephrology Cairo. MBBCH from Cairo University. MSc radio diagnosis from Ain shams university. M.D radiodiagnosis, Azhar University.


Introduction: Unenhanced computed tomography (CT) is used to detect urinary tract calculi with high accuracy. The development of multi-detector CT (MDCT) allows reconstructions in coronal, sagittal and oblique directions. Objective: To compare unenhanced MDCT with three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US) imaging in evaluating patients with impaired renal function and hematuria. Patients and methods: A total of 55 patients with hematuria and impaired renal function were examined with unenhanced MDCT and 3D US imaging at Al-Fayoum University Hospital between March 2008 and April 2010. Results: The diagnosis on unenhanced MDCT was urolithiasis in 25 patients, psoas abscess with perinephritis in 2, chronic cystitis in 3, prostatic enlargement in 4, renal mass lesions in 3, vesical masses in 4, renal trauma in 2, adult polycystic kidney disease in 1, renal vein thrombosis in 1 and no specific abnormality in 10 patients. In diagnosing the cause of hematuria, the sensitivity was 82% for CT versus 73% for US. This can be attributed to the high sensitivity of CT (100%) in the diagnosis of urolithiasis, which is a common cause of hematuria. In the diagnosis of other causes of hematuria the sensitivity was 66% for CT versus 77% for US. The combination of unenhanced MDCT and US increased the sensitivity to 87%. Conclusion: The combination of unenhanced MDCT and US is very useful in evaluating patients with hematuria and impaired renal function. Further studies comparing the sensitivity of these techniques with that of MRU are indicated