University of Sargodha, Pakistan
Abdul Rehman has completed his PhD at the age of 30 years from University of Agriculture Faisalabad (Pakistan) and serving as Assistant Professor Department of Agronomy University college of Agriculture University of Sargodha. He has served as head of department about two years. He is working as director Students affairs and Chairman Sports committee at the same college since last three years. He has published more than 12 papers in reputed journals and one book. He is running one research project granted by Higher Education Commission of Pakistan. He has designed a drill for intercropping in sugarcane.
Sugarcane has great value to provide sugar for more than half of the global population. World population is increasing day by day worst and the cultivated land is decreasing rapidly due to urbanization, road construction and land deterioration. This crisis demands alternate research to increase productivity and maximum economic returns per acre to feed the gigantic population. Intercropping in sugarcane has received much attention due to long duration and late return from sugarcane crop and may become popular among farmers, if it is properly managed. Intercropping has the potential to encourage the farmers to get maximum economic return per acre per annum. For intercropping gram, wheat, potato and soybean was used as an intercrops in spring sown sugarcane. Triple row strip planting geometry of sugarcane with four intercropped (Gram, Wheat, Potato and Soybean) and check with alone sowing of sugarcane method was planted during September 2011 at research area University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan. Randomized complete block design with three replications was used. Results showed that intercropping significantly gave higher economic return over sugarcane planted alone. Total biological yield, total leaf area index and economic return compared with sugarcane planted alone were significantly higher while no. of tillers, cane diameter, crop growth rate were significantly higher in sugarcane planted alone over intercropped sugarcane. Intercropping significantly showed maximum net returns and benefit cost ratio then alone.
Keywords: World population stress, Sugarcane, intercropping, economic return and benefit cost ratio.