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Baljinder Kaur Sidana

Punjab Agricultural University, India

Title: Resource-use efficiency of direct seeding of Rice in Punjab agriculture: A micro level study

Biography

Baljinder Kaur Sidana Completed his Phd in Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana (India). He is a member of Indian journals and society of economics and development.

Abstract

Direct seeding of rice is a recent resource conservation technology initiative in India. Adoption of direct seeded rice technology optimizes water-use efficiency, improves crop establishment, reduces irrigation time and effort required to manage the crop. This study attempts to examine the impact of DSR technology on input-use pattern and productivity of rice crop and outlines the important constraints in the adoption of this technology. The results revealed that 61 per cent of the sample farmers had agricultural experience of less than 20 years, depicting that technology adopters were mainly young farmers. A majority of the sample farmers had passed matric i.e. X standard (20 per cent), 19 percent had passed secondary education and 16 per cent were graduates. The per hectare cost of sowing Pusa Basmati 1121 was Rs.2506.15 for DSR plot where as it was Rs.8258.59 for non-DSR plot, indicating a saving of 69.65 per cent. A significant saving of 28.01 per cent in irrigation water was found in the case of DSR plot as compared to non-DSR plot. The use of direct seeding of rice technology resulted into decreased expenditure of rice cultivation ranging from Rs.4000 to Rs.6000 per hectare despite of cost enhancement of 41.54 per cent of DSR plot on plant protection chemicals as compared to non-DSR plot of basmati variety. The important constraint in the adoption of this technology was non-availability of seed drill, high amount of weeds and lack of awareness. There is dire need for capacity building of farmers for effective management of weed and pest in DSR.