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Cristobal Aguilar Gallardo

Cristobal Aguilar Gallardo

Biography

Cristobal Aguilar Gallardo has BS degree in Biomedicine and Biochemestry, Master degree in human reproduction and PhDdegree in Biotechnology earnedwith Suma Cum Laude distinctionin the Valencia University, Spain. He has published more than 20 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute. Actually, is a Group leader in the Imperial College inside the European project supported by the program FP7.

Abstract

The stem cell field owes a great deal to the previous work conducted by embryologists and researchers devoted to reproductive medicine. The time is coming when this emerging field will pay off in the reproductive sciences by offering new avenues of understanding gametogenesis and early embryonic development. Human embryonic stem cells are pluripotent cells that proliferate in vitro while maintaining an undifferentiated state, and they are capable of differentiating into most cell types under appropriate conditions. Embryo-friendly approaches have been developed as new methods of obtaining human embryonic stem cells without destroying the embryo. Somatic stem cells have been identified and isolated from numerous adult organs and tissues to create a multipotent and autologous source of cells with established medical indications. Cell reprogramming is now a scientific fact, and induced pluripotent cells, a new pluripotent cell type, have been generated by the overexpression of specific genes from a myriad of differentiated adult cell types. Cancer is now considered a stem cell disease. Cancer stem cells share numerous features with normal stem cells including hallmarks properties such as self-renewal and undifferentiation. Therefore, the actual focus of ovarian cancer research on the cancer stem cell model should generate efficient and personalized treatment designs to improve treatment efficiency.