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Fayaz Ahmed Sahibzada

Fayaz Ahmed Sahibzada

Umm Al Qura university (UQU) Holy Makkah, KSA

Title: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) status in the Makkah City Western Saudi Arabia

Biography

Fayaz Ahmed Sahibzada Completed his Master of Science Honors in Human Nutrition in 1999 from NWFP Agricultural University Pakistan, He worked as a Clinical Dietitian in Abbas Institute of Medical Sciences since 2004. In June 2004 he Migrated to Australia as a Skilled Professional and got Australian Citizenship, Completed his M.Sc in Clinical Nutrition from University of Wollongong Australia in 2007.Worked in Nutrition Australia as a Nutritionist , From October 2010 to date working in Umm Al Qura University (UQU) Makkah Saudi Arabia as a Senior Lecturer in Clinical Nutrition Department and Teaching Dietetics and Supervising Research Projects as well, He has presented on Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and its Relation to Diet and Physical work in Azad Jammu & Kashmir in Fist International Conference and Exhibition on Nutritional Science & Therapy in August 2012 in Philadelphia USA organized by OMICS and he also presented in 2ndInternational Conference and Exhibition on Nutritional Science & Therapy in July 2013 in Philadelphia USA organized by OMICS on Anemia Status in a sample of Female Students of Umm Al-Qura University Holy Makkah Western Saudi Arabia KSA.

Abstract

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intoleranceonset during pregnancy till-birth, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is detected through the screening of pregnant women that is usually mild and asymptomatic. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a major public health problem in the world and in Gulf countries as well. The present study was conducted in Makkah city Western Saudi Arabia to know the Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) statusin Makkah and its relationship with some epidemiological determinants. The study was conducted in a random sample of 100 pregnant mothers (second or third trimester) visiting for anti natal care in Gynecological clinics of AL Noor and Maternity hospitals of Makkah city Western Saudi Arabia, 50 subjects were randomly selected from each hospital . All the subjects were interviewed and a questionnaire was completed to collect the demographic, social , anthropometric and dietary intake data. The Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) was detected by the Gynecologist during screening and data was taken from patients records during the interview.The study revealed that the Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) status in Al-Noor Hospital is 14% and 18% in Maternity and Children Hospital . The Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) status is in both hospitals of Makkah city is 16%. The Body Mass Index (BMI) data showed that the 3% subjects sever obese followed by 26% obese and 39% overweight , The dietary intake data showed that dairy, meat , fruit and vegetable intake of the subjects is less than normal, however 65% subjects pregnancy age is ideal (17- 35) and 35 % over 35 years.The study showed that the prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) status is 16 % in Makkah city and overweight /obesity emerged as a major risk factor as 39% subjects are overweight , 26 % are obese and 3% sever obese.

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