Gabriela Morgado Coelho
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro,Brazil
Gabriela is a Specialist in Nutrition, Exercise and Corporate Fitness, has Master’s degree in Human Nutrition and worked as invited Professor in Athletic Training Post-graduation program - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She is a Ph.D student in Food, Nutrition and Health and currently works as Professor in Nutrition and Nursing Graduation Courses at State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Gabriela Graduated in English Extension - University of California Santa Barbara, USA and serves as Reviewer for reputed Journals in Nutrition field. She has recently published a paper about Female Athlete Triad in reputed International Journal.
The number of disordered eating cases in adolescent athletes and the female participation in sports that require body exposure and emphasize agility, beauty and leanness of movements, such as dancing, gymnastics, long-distance running and also tennis, have increased in recent years. Disordered eating can lead to serious health complications such as menstrual irregularities and bone demineralization, featuring the Female Athlete Triad. Therefore, to identify vulnerable groups and the best way to track them, it became extremely necessary to describe and confront recent data on the presence of disordered eating and its complications, covering energy availability and Female Athlete Triad spectrum, in young female athletes and control subjects. Most scrutinized literature was collected from different sources including PubMed. We will discuss data of more than 11,000 women from 68 singular sports of 11 diverse countries, tracked for disordered eating by many different methods such as validated or not questionnaires, structured interviews by questionnaires or clinical visit from heterogeneous studies. Not all the researchers investigated all the Female Athlete Triad conditions like menstrual irregularities according to American Society of Reproductive Medicine and bone mineral density for chronologic age screened by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), but it seems that athletes are in a more severe stage of the disorders. We will also discuss recent, still unpublished, data of the first research about this topic on female adolescent tennis players in Brazil, comprising data on prevalence and severity stages. Such discussion can be the first step for future prevention programs establishment, guidelines, and policies.